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Understanding Malnutrition After Weight-Loss Surgery

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Understanding Malnutrition After Weight-Loss Surgery

Weight loss procedures are the most effective ways to solve obesity and other weight-related complications. However, surgery can only be successful when properly managed. Otherwise, you risk gaining the weight back or, in other cases, suffering from malnutrition after gastric sleeve and other surgeries. Here’s what to know about malnutrition after weight-loss surgery.

What Is Post-Op Malnutrition?

When a patient suffers from malnutrition, their body lacks essential nutrients necessary for growth and development. You need vitamins, minerals, proteins, fat, carbohydrates, enzymes, and other substances. Without them, the body starts failing to function, and in severe cases, it can be life-threatening. After undergoing any bariatric procedure, it becomes difficult for some patients to digest and absorb protein-rich foods. These difficulties are usually caused by changes made to the gut anatomy, as the stomach’s size is reduced and the bilio-pancreatic functions are altered.

Here are some signs of malnutrition after gastric sleeve surgery.

  1. Hair loss: Hair breakage and loss occur due to reduced calorie intake, stress, mineral deficiency, and other metabolic changes. It is a common sign of protein deficiency and is more serious when it persists even a year after surgery.
  2. Fatigue and lethargy: Feeling tired and sickly most of the time are also clear signs of insufficient protein in the diet. Patients often feel dizzy and weak because the body is not receiving enough nutrients. The skin may also get pale while the heart rate becomes erratic.
  3. Stomach issues: In severe cases, patients also report symptoms like appetite loss, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and constipation.

How to Avoid Malnutrition After Gastric Sleeve

It is normal for the body to find it difficult to absorb certain nutrients, considering the changes that your digestive system undergoes after a safe weight loss surgery. However, malnutrition can be life-threatening, especially in severe cases. Before the symptoms show, it is best to take some preventive measures. The most crucial step is to watch your diet. Your doctor can guide you when making meal plans, ensuring you eat a balanced diet.

Avoid processed foods, junk food, fizzy drinks, beverages, and sugary foods. You want to avoid foods that your body will find difficult to absorb. Otherwise, you will deal with stomach issues like dumping syndrome. These foods will also interfere with your body’s ability to absorb vital nutrients, especially proteins. While checking your food options and portions, also ensure that you drink a lot of water every day.

You may be at risk of malnutrition after undergoing weight loss surgery in Mexico, so you need guidance from professionals to guarantee that your body successfully manages your average weight. If you have any concerns, you can contact Dr. Jalil Illan.

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